Ten-Frame Activity Cards
These will remind you of large oversized dominoes and the concept is similar but there are differences (cards have a maximum of ten dots, for starters). These cards (4 ¾ x 7 ¾; rounded corners; black on white background) are designed to provide a pictorial approach to "making 10," i.e. number bonds. Designed to help students internalize the value of numbers and the relationships among those numbers, the dots on the cards are visual representations presented four different ways. The first set depicts the cards divided into ten sections (i.e. two columns of five each). Dots are positioned within the "frames" and progress from a card with one dot to a card with ten dots. The second set has the same progression of dots but this time with empty circles for the non-presented dots. The third set shows the same progression but with only dots on the cards. These first three sets show the dots being added from bottom to top on first the left column and then the right column. The last set of cards shows the dots being added vertically from left to right. ~ Janice
Countries around the world first became interested in Singapore's math curriculum when results of the Third International Math and Science Study (TIMSS) were published in 1995. Conducted by the International Study Center at Boston College, achievement tests in both math and science were administered to students in over 40 countries. Students from Singapore ranked highly in mathematics achievement: 1st in the fourth, seventh, and eighth grade levels and 2nd at the third grade level. Results for the U.S. were disappointing: 10th in the third grade, 11th in the fourth grade, 23rd in the seventh grade, and 27th at the eighth grade level. In a follow-up study in 1999, Singapore again ranked 1st in eighth grade math achievement while U.S. eighth graders ranked 19th. Although a first place ranking does not necessarily imply the best program, something about Singapore's math program seems to be working.
"Singapore Approach Math" is a general term referring to the math curriculum, or syllabus, designed by Singapore's Ministry of Education. The curriculum has been regularly revised over the last two decades, with most recent revisions in 2001. We carry two different lines. From SingaporeMath.com we carry Earlybird Kindergarten Math (PK-K), Primary Math (1-6), and New Elementary Math (7-10). From Great Source Educational we carry Math in Focus (K-6).
Both of these programs are produced by the same company, Marshall Cavendish Education (Singapore). The U.S. Primary Math editions have a 2003 copyright, while the newer, Standards Edition have a 2008 copyright. These are both modifications of the original edition of Singapore math. These programs are distributed in the U.S. by SingaporeMath.com. They are essentially the same, though the Standards Edition has a small amount of added material and some of the sequences have been rearranged to better meet U.S. standards. Math in Focus has a 2009 copyright. It is distributed in the U.S by Great Source, a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, and packaged for the homeschool community by Saxon Homeschool. So, the programs have common origins.
Primary Math and New Elementary Math are based on the 1997 mathematics syllabus. New Elementary Math has since been "phased out" of schools in Singapore (probably in favor of texts following the 2001 syllabus). However, Primary Math and New Elementary Math are the series that originally gained Singapore international recognition for excellence in mathematics.
There are now manipulatives especially designed to be used with the Singapore approach. Look for these at the end of this section.
1 set of dot cards showing doubles and doubles-plus-one for 1-10
1 set of dot cards with grids 1-10
1 set of dot cards with grids for 0-10
1 set of solid and outlined dots for 0-10
4 extra dot cards for 10
(1 card with Activity Ideas)