# Calculus From the Ground Up

This text is very well-done and would be a good follow-up to any precalculus/trigonometry course. The explanations are easy to understand and the author ties calculus concepts to real-life problems. The information is presented in a conversational tone, begins with the basics and builds to more complex concepts. This is a good traditional approach, employing the mastery approach with plenty of practice. Students should be able to manipulate equations, graph equations, analyze triangles, know the basic formulas for a line, area, quadrative, distance, Pythagorean Theorem, exponents, logarithms, etc. They should also be familiar with sin, cos, tan, inverse functions, and have an understanding of functions and how they work. There is a brief review in the first part of the book, and an appendix for reference if you need a bit of help. The **Textbook** is 446 uncluttered pages and is divided into 5 parts: Preliminaries, The Derivative, The Integral, Manipulating Infinity, and Appendices. The first four divisions or parts are divided into 31 chapters. The **Solutions Guide** offers worked solutions for the exercises found at the end of each chapter and explanations where needed.

This course is written by Jonathan Bartlett, who thinks math should be taught using a classical approach. In the grammar state students should learn to count, add, subtract, multiply, and divide. In the logic stage students should learn formulas. Calculus, in his opinion, is the gateway to the rhetoric stage and allows students to be creative. This is the time for students to create their own formulas and understand them and their origins. The focus of *Calculus from the Ground Up* is how math is invented, and how students can learn to be part of the creative process.

Each chapter is divided into sections (ex. 3.1, 3.2, etc.), offering explanations for each concept. New terms are printed in bold and a review that covers the topics of the chapter is included at the end of each. After the review section, students are provided wuth exercises for that chapter. Once a concept is taught with a thorough explanation, the explanation becomes less the next time the student sees that concept. By the third time a student sees that concept, it is assumed that they are familiar with it, and there is no explanation. Appendices are full of helpful information that students can use as a reference while working through the text.

The text is written to be taught over a one-year period of about 30 weeks – one high school credit. The author offers a suggested teaching schedule in Appendix A. ~ Donna