Stepping Up in Reading 2
Children will love reading when they can do it effortlessly! Use the Stepping Up In Reading books to develop accuracy and fluency so that children understand what they read.
Stepping Up In Reading: Building Accuracy and Fluency Book 2 contains word, phrase, and sentence lists that provide practice in decoding, word recognition, and expressive reading. Students can achieve automaticity by focusing on sound/symbol associations, blending, proper pronunciation, phrasing, and intonation. Activities provide more practice and help develop reading comprehension. The phonetically controlled lists follow the sequence in the PAF program.
While specifically written to coordinate with Preventing Academic Failure (PAF), these books may be used with any beginning phonics/reading program. First Steps in Reading is used in lessons 1-16 of the PAF program and introduces the following letters and sounds: c, a, t, d, g, s, f, m, l, h, p, n as well as the sight words "a" and "I" using a variety of exercises. Students read their first word ("cat") after introduction of the first three letters. The book also supplies word lists to be read as well as short "stories". The Stepping Up in Reading books are more geared toward building accuracy and fluency in reading. They contain word lists, phrase lists, sentence lists and activities using them. Stepping Up in Reading 1 is used in lessons 17-96 of the PAF program. It introduces the rest of the short vowels and consonants, provides practice decoding and encoding CVC words, introduces consonant digraphs th, ch, and sh, final blends, VCCV syllable division, compound words, suffixes (-s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er), 20 high-frequency sight words, and sentences that focus on sentence types and basic grammar. Stepping Up in Reading 2 is used for lessons 97-158. It covers beginning consonant blends; long vowels; VCV syllable division; open, closed, silent e, r-controlled, and vowel team syllables; suffixes (-est, -ful, -less, -ly, -y); 35 high-frequency sight words; and sentences that focus on multiple-meaning words and idioms. The final book, Stepping Up in Reading 3, is used for lessons 159-245. It covers vowel digraphs, vowel diphthongs, soft c and g, silent letters, three+ multisyllabic root words, additional sight words, and sentences that focus on content-based vocabulary.
At the heart of this multisensory Orton-Gillingham method program is the Preventing Academic Failure (PAF) Teacher's Manual. This manual contains the methodology and framework for the entire program, integrating reading, spelling and handwriting instruction. This review will concentrate primarily on the manual itself and on the phonics and spelling components of the program since more specific reviews of the reading component (see Merrill Readers below) and handwriting component (see PAF Handwriting Program in handwriting section) are contained elsewhere in our catalog.
The program is based on the premise that language learning must be simple to complex (phonics-based). Children should learn individual letter sounds, building syllables, words and sentences as they progress. The program uses a multisensory approach to accomplish this. Students learn to recognize graphic symbols for letters and sounds (visual), differentiate and duplicate sounds (auditory and vocal), and write symbols to produce sounds and words (kinesthetic). Children are explicitly taught phonics which is then reinforced in reading, spelling, handwriting and grammar. Instruction is organized and systematic with plenty of practice and reinforcement.
This is much more than phonetic instruction as it addresses all components of language structure: phonograms, sight words, spelling rules, syllabication and grammatical concepts. There are 215 levels (or lessons) in the program.
Reproducible forms corresponding to the outline above are contained in the manual for you to fill in with each lesson, based on the specific skill to be introduced for the day. This actually amounts to just transcription, as you are provided with all of the nuts and bolts elsewhere in the manual. First, each phase of the lesson is thoroughly described, leaving you with little doubt as to how to conduct lessons. There is even a long section on Handwriting Techniques that gives you all of the teacher help you'll need to incorporate the PAF Handwriting program into your daily language lesson. A Curriculum Sequence then shows in detail the integration of the phonics and reading components including PAF Handwriting, Ready to Read or Stepping Up pages, and Merrill readers and Skills books, and Explode the Code pages. (Please note that we do not carry the Teacher Editions of the Merrill Skills books, due to a reluctance on the publisher's part to provide these. However, we feel that this should not disclude their use, since answers are readily discernable.) The Teacher Lists of Words provides corresponding word lists for spelling and reading. Both of these resources show level by level (lesson by lesson) what you need to cover, making your job a piece of cake. Reproducible lesson plan forms and reinforcement sheets are included towards the back of the book. An Assessment section comes next, containing tools and tips for gauging student success. This includes 15 proficiency tests (Curriculum Sequence specifies when to give these). At the end of the manual are various lists including a list of charts needed for display at various level ranges, lists of required and supplementary materials, and a list of sight words taught in the program. Charts, lesson plan forms, a list of read-aloud books and a placement test can be downloaded for free at www.PAFprogram.com/downloads/index.html.
Review cards coordinating with the PAF Handbook (i.e. Teacher's Manual) and program. Cards are 5" x 8." Letters are oriented vertically; vowel-based phonograms are on coral colored cardstock; suffixes, sight words (printed in red), and homonyms (yellow cardstock) are oriented horizontally. Each card is labeled with the Level in which it is presented.
This is a very thorough, complete and sound phonics-based language program which requires very little advance knowledge or preparation on the part of the teacher. It uses solid time-tested materials for instruction, including Explode the Code and Merrill Reading. It integrates phonics, reading, handwriting, spelling and grammar. The cost is reasonable. It can be used for three years (K-3) of phonics/reading/spelling instruction, or used as a remedial program for older students. Teacher's Manual most recently revised in 2007.
Programs in this section go beyond teaching children how to read, incorporating phonetic readers, spelling and writing as well. Arranged roughly by grade/age.