Precepts of Anatomy & Physiology Part 2 Text
The Precepts of Anatomy and Physiology (two chapters of text and two companion activity books) can serve as a stand-alone unit study worthy of ½ high school transcript credit in anatomy, or may incorporate chapters 2 and 3 from the Principles, Theories and Precepts of Biology course to create a full credit in A&P (providing those chapters have not been counted for biology credits). Refer to local or state policies for assigning transcript credit for high school science courses.
This two-part unit study introduces high school students to the wonders of the complex design of the human body. Lessons include the structure, function and interaction of body systems, organs, glands and hormones as well as hazards to, and diseases of, various organs and systems.
One of the objectives of this unit study is to equip teenagers with knowledge and principles with which to make positive life choices that will enhance health and happiness. Thus, students learn how life choices, diet, exercise and even thoughts affect physical and emotional health.
The last three lessons of part two deal with male and female reproductive systems, discreetly worded and illustrated by line drawings. The student will learn that life begins at conception. The benefits of traditional roles of husband and wife are discussed. The student will marvel at the intricate and miraculous development of a baby from fertilization to birth: the maturation process of bones, organs, tissues, muscles and joints that compose the wonders of the human body. These three lessons are also applicable as supplemental material for sex education or abstinence studies.
CHAPTER 2 TEXTKey topics: The circulatory systemstructure & function of the heart, blood cells & blood vessels; diseases of the circulatory system; the respiratory systemstructure, function & diseases of; the digestive systemstructure & function, nutrient needs & consequences of deficiencies, the role of the liver; the excretory systemstructure & function of kidneys, importance of water balance, kidney disease; the immune systemprotective role, function of, diseases of, vaccines; reproductive systemmale & female types; menstrual cycle phases; embryonic development; fetal development; birth & lactation
This course can be completed as a stand-alone unit on human anatomy for an estimated ½ credit in anatomy, or combined with Principles, Theories & Precepts of Biology for an estimated two biology credits according to the publisher (requirements vary by state so see yours for specifics). It is a much shorter course than Biology or Physics & Chemistry with only two texts, two activity books, and a teacher's resource kit. The texts cover the history of human anatomy study, levels of body organization, and the major systems of the human body including endocrine, nervous, integumentary, skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, immune, and reproductive. Good health and nutrition are encouraged, and the reproductive system is studied tastefully and conservatively.
Designed specifically for self-study (although they can also be used in a classroom situation), these courses have a few things in common with Alpha Omega LIFEPACs. First of all, the course is broken down into booklet-sized increments. Secondly, the work is primarily reading and workbook activities. Hands-on "lab" activities are not incorporated into the courses, although you could add them on fairly easily. One major difference, however, is that Paradigm Accelerated courses are not written from a religious standpoint, although they promote good values and are more conservative than most other secular curriculums. One final general note: Paradigm's courses are designed to appeal to all students, even those who may not be interested in science. If your student already loves science and is looking towards a science-related major in college, they may need a more rigorous program.
The courses are made up of text booklets, activity booklets, and a teacher's resource kit. (For some courses, the text portion is available on CD-ROM in .pdf format.) All of the instruction to the student is found in the text. Text booklets each represent a chapter of the course and typically contain three sections, each of which is split into five lessons, or 15 lessons per chapter. Each lesson is between three and four pages in length, and they are usually focused on a specific topic. Definitions of introduced vocabulary used in the lesson and black-and-white illustrations and diagrams further augment each lesson. Lessons always end with a Life Principle, which is usually a thought-provoking quote from a notable individual that relates in some way to the lesson. After the lesson has been read, the student can complete the corresponding activity pages which are typically made up of short-answer, multiple-choice, true/false, and "list" questions that reinforce the lesson. Students are also asked to write the Life Principle for the lesson. There are about 15-25 questions for each lesson which is a fair amount, considering the length of the lesson itself. After five lessons and lesson activities have been completed, there is a review quiz. Quizzes include approximately 50 questions, mostly short answer and multiple-choice. Chapter tests are taken after a whole chapter has been studied and are about 50 questions in length. Quizzes and chapter tests are found in the Teacher's Resource Packet, which also includes complete answer keys and forms for teacher use. Please note that no answers are found in the student materials. Teacher's Resource Kits are available as a CD-ROM with .pdf files or as a loose-leaf paper copy with the CD-ROM. The content is identical between the CD and the paper copy but there may be times when one form or the other is more convenient. (Please note the publisher is transitioning from CD-ROMS to digital downloads.) - Jess
Items listed in this section tend to be complete science programs with a teacher and student component, requiring few supplements besides science supplies.