# MultiLink Cubes - Set of 100

Item #: | 018741 |
---|---|

Grades: | PK-6 |

#### Product Description:

Multilink cubes connect on all six sides, making them a more versatile manipulative than the Unifix cubes. They come in ten each of ten colors: black, white, brown, light blue, green, dark green, red, pink, yellow and orange.

**Category Description for Primary Math (K-6):**

Primary Math US (1-6) is an adaptation of the 3rd edition for use in the U.S. Although a small amount of content (division of fractions) from the 2nd edition was added back into the US edition, it is almost identical to the 3rd edition. The US edition adds sections for U.S. customary measurements and uses U.S. spelling and conventions. We expect this edition to be available indefinitely. 2003 copyright dates.

**Category Description for Singapore Math Programs:**

Countries around the world first became interested in Singapore’s math curriculum when results of the Third International Math and Science Study (TIMSS) were published in 1995. Conducted by the International Study Center at Boston College, achievement tests in both math and science were administered to students in over 40 countries. Students from Singapore ranked highly in mathematics achievement: 1st in the fourth, seventh, and eighth grade levels and 2nd at the third grade level. Results for the U.S. were disappointing: 10th in the third grade, 11th in the fourth grade, 23rd in the seventh grade, and 27th at the eighth grade level. In a follow-up study in 1999, Singapore again ranked 1st in eighth grade math achievement while U.S. eighth graders ranked 19th. Although a first place ranking does not necessarily imply the best program, something about Singapore’s math program was working.

“Singapore Approach Math” is a general term referring to a type of mathematical instruction (i.e. curriculum) developed from a syllabus designed by Singapore’s Ministry of Education in the 1980s. There were a number of revisions and the 3rd edition was the last edition used in Singapore. The good test scores were associated with this material and all of our Singapore Approach Math programs are based primarily on the 3rd edition although it is no longer available for sale. Components from different editions are not interchangeable but a student can move between the editions in-between levels.

**Primary Math US (1-6)** is an adaptation of the 3rd edition for use in the U.S. Although a small amount of content (division of fractions) from the 2nd edition was added back into the US edition, it is almost identical to the 3rd edition. The US edition adds sections for U.S. customary measurements and uses U.S. spelling and conventions. We expect this edition to be available indefinitely. ©2003

**Primary Math S/E (Standards Edition) (K-6)** was adapted to meet the pre-Common Core CA math standards. An additional amount of content (probability, data analysis, negative numbers, coordinate graphing) from the 2nd edition was added back in and topics were rearranged but it is similar to the US edition. Cumulative Reviews at the end of each Unit and practice sets within each unit were added. Textbooks are in color. ©2008 This edition will be phased out. Includes Earlybird Kindergarten Math.

**Primary Math CC (Common Core) (K-5)** is aligned to the Common Core State Standards and is another adaptation of the 3rd edition. Only minor changes were made to the scope and sequence. Unit Reviews are no longer cumulative and Practices were removed although some of the content was incorporated into the lessons. ©2014 Includes Earlybird Kindergarten Math CC. This edition will be available for the foreseeable future.

**New Elementary Math (7-8)** is a no-frills program based on an older Singaporian program and covering integrated algebra and geometry.It’s considered a sequel to the Primary Math programs.

**Dimensions Math (7-8)** is an updated and more colorful version that is now aligned to the CCSS. It’s also considered a sequel to the Primary Math programs.

**Math in Focus (K-8)** was developed by Great Source (a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) in conjunction with Marshall Cavendish (the original publisher in Singapore). Although the basic instructional sequences are similar and the content is very close to the SE, material added to the most recent editions brings it into alignment with CC. Math in Focus has a more American look and “feel.” ©2010, 2014

**Category Description for Earlybird Kindergarten Math Standards Edition:**

This is a 2-year preschool/kindergarten program that emphasizes concepts over drill. Like most early learning programs, a great deal of work is done linking sets of concrete objects to the numbers they represent. Although not developed by Singapore's Ministry of Education, this program was written by an educator with 28 years experience writing preschool and primary school materials.

This program introduces the basics of color, shape, size, numbers to 100 (but focusing on 1-10), length, weight, volume, time, money, picture graphs, and single-digit addition and subtraction. Topics like place value, addition, and subtraction are not covered until the second year. Some changes from the former US Edition to this one include some rearrangement of topics which results in less repetition and a better sequence of concepts. There is now a review at the end of each unit. Textbooks include a simple glossary, an index, and some "Math at Home" pages. Pages have been added covering solid shapes, patterns, and time. Pages were added to the chapters on addition and subtraction to provide additional material on different interpretations (e.g. number bonds, part-whole, counting on, counting back). Numbers past 30 and to 100 and money topics are not part of the CA standards and were moved to the last two units.

Numerous illustrations are used not only to facilitate learning, but also to hold a child's interest. The author's philosophy seems to be "quality before quantity." She presents a few well-illustrated problems rather than simply listing 10-15 practice problems. Brief teacher's instructions on how to use the workbook are located at the bottom of each page. Suggestions on how to approach a topic and reminders about specific vocabulary to introduce are often provided. The amount of material to cover in one day is up to the teacher. The teacher is also responsible for planning suggested pre-workbook activities, drawing the student into mathematical discussions, and when necessary, guiding the student through workbook exercises. Teachers who prefer more detailed lesson plans, like those provided in Saxon's Math K Teacher's Manual, might have difficulty with Earlybird's brief instructions. Answer keys are unavailable, and generally unnecessary, for this level.

The Activity Books follow the teaching sequence in the textbook and are designed to be used with the K Math Readers, although neither is required. The readers are based on well-known children's rhymes and stories; each of the readers accompanies two textbook units. There are suggestions for extra materials most of which are simple items from around the house. The list of suggested manipulatives, however, would be useful to have on hand.

Compared to other programs, Earlybird Math does have certain disadvantages. Some prefer workbooks that contain more practice exercises, like Horizons K. Horizons also moves at a quicker pace and covers addition and subtraction to a more advanced level. Nonetheless, Earlybird Math does a thorough job of teaching the basics. It will probably appeal most to children who are visual learners and parents who feel comfortable explaining math concepts, appreciate some instructional guidance, but don't mind planning their own lessons.

**Category Description for Saxon Math:**

## Students like Saxon because they feel successful in math instead of overwhelmed.

The most popular homeschooling math program hands down! Highly recommended by both Mary Pride and Cathy Duffy, Saxon Math also wins our award for the "Most Requested Text." Saxon math is a "user-friendly" math program - even for Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus and other usually difficult math topics. Learning is incremental and each new concept is continuously reviewed, so the learning has time to "sink in" instead of being forgotten when the next topic is presented. Higher scores on standardized tests and increased enrollments in upper-level math and science classes have resulted where Saxon has been used in public schools. Students like Saxon because they feel successful in math instead of overwhelmed. Because of the format, children are able to work more independently.

**Category Description for Essential Math (Kindergarten):**

It's hard to get more basic - and solid - than this program. The no-nonsense black and white worksheet format might deceive you, but fight it! They are engaging, with straight-forward teaching instructions (concept, introduction with manipulatives, how to use page) at the bottom of each. The scope and sequence is similar to Singapore's Earlybird Math and designed to prepare the student for Primary Math. It can be used as a supplement to Earlybird or as a stand-alone program. Many household items are used as manipulatives, but the few specific ones suggested are listed below (balance and pattern blocks are only referred to a very few times). ~ Janice

**Category Description for Singapore Math Standards Edition (K-6):**

Primary Math S/E (Standards Edition) (K-6) was adapted to meet the pre-Common Core CA math standards. An additional amount of content (probability, data analysis, negative numbers, coordinate graphing) from the 2nd edition was added back in and topics were rearranged but it is similar to the US edition. Cumulative Reviews at the end of each Unit and practice sets within each unit were added. Textbooks are in color. 2008 copyright dates. This edition includes the Earlybird Kindergarten Math program.

**Category Description for Building Thinking Skills:**

This is a very complete thinking skills program, covering all of the figural and verbal skills your children are likely to see on a standardized test. The publisher, Critical Thinking Press, states that Building Thinking Skills is "designed to significantly improve verbal and figural skills in four important areas: similarities and differences, sequences, classifications, and analogies. Proficiency in these skills is the cornerstone of success in all academic areas, on standardized tests, and on college entrance exams." They have scads of testimonials documenting the correlation between use of this series and increased test scores. We have no doubt that all the practice you get in using this series would, indeed, improve test scores. More importantly, many of the specific skills practiced here also have application in different professions. Other skills would seem to generally improve your ability to "see things" in different ways or train your mind to stretch in different directions.

The broader goals of this series are translated into specific skills and exercises within these areas. Learning is spiral within skills, within books, and between levels. That is, exercises progress in sophistication and scope within each book, and from level to level. This translates into several hefty worktexts full of practice exercises that children actually enjoy doing! Except for the Primary level, students can work pretty much on their own, proceeding as quickly through the series as they're able. If you're starting an older child in the series, however, use the suggested grade levels for proper placement. Teacher's manuals contain lesson plans and solutions. If you want to be able to correct exercises quickly, or feel some exercises need explanation, you'll want these.

**Category Description for Saxon K-3 Program:**

The Teacher's Manual contains the actual lesson plans and information vital to the effective presentation of math concepts. The consumable Meeting Books are used during the teacher-student "meeting" in which concepts are introduced, demonstrated and practiced. If teaching more than one student at the same level, you will only need one meeting book. Consumable Student Workbooks are used in grades 1-3 only and contain student materials, flash cards and practice pages. The Math K Home Study Kit contains teacher edition and meeting book. Math 1, 2, and 3 kits contain teacher edition, meeting book, and a set of 2 workbooks. Manipulatives are a vital, integral part of the program; these are not included in the Home Study Kits, but are available through us also.

**Category Description for Hands-On Thinking Skills:**

Young children will appreciate this hands-on approach to developing analytic thinking skills via an exploration of shapes, colors, and patterns. The activities require three types of manipulatives: attribute blocks, pattern blocks, and interlocking (or multilink) cubes. Like the Building Thinking Skills program, activities cover four key areas: Similarities and Differences, Sequences, Classifications, and Analogies. Simple activity instructions appear at the top of each page as a basic guideline for the teacher. The activity book itself is approximately 250 pages. Manipulatives are not included.

Required manipulatives for this program are as follows: A) Pattern Blocks - set of 100 in six colors and shapes (triangle, trapezoid, rhombus (2 types), hexagon, square); B) Interlocking Cubes - set of 100 (plastic cubes that link on all sides, 10 cubes of 10 different colors); C) Attribute Blocks - set of 60 (pieces come in 5 shapes (triangle, square, rectangle, circle, hexagon), 3 colors (red, blue, yellow), 2 sizes (large, small), 2 thicknesses). ~ Anh

**Category Description for Building Thinking Skills Primary:**

This level was rewritten in 2008. Activities begin using concrete materials, so you will need to use attribute blocks and interlocking cubes (mathlink or multilink); please see our Math section if you need information on these. About half the book uses these manipulatives to help the child understand the concepts of same and different, classifying, sorting and grouping. Once the child has mastered skills with these tangible objects, pages progress to pictorial representations of real-life people and things family members, foods, animals, occupations, vehicles, and buildings. These are shown by full-color photographs. Also at this point, printing (ball and stick method) becomes a part of the course; as you can do these exercises orally, it is optional whether or not the student prints the answers. The final chapter covers analogies, the acid test as to whether the child understands the classifying and grouping of previous chapters. Activities are designed for one-on-one instruction, and answers will likely be apparent to the instructor.

The teacher CD-ROM offers enhancement for lessons and guidance for the teacher. The guide gives explanation of the content, suggests different types of instructional methods, and offers ideas for follow-up activities. A guide for using the lesson plans explains the components of each lesson. Lessons are scripted and list materials needed, page correlation to the student book, objectives, and answers. CD is Windows/Mac compatible. Generally at this level the teacher's manual on CD is not necessary, but it certainly will make teaching the program easier and more organized. s/c.

**Category Description for COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS - ELEMENTARY:**

**Category Description for COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS - ALL GRADES:**

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (2) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (2) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (1)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (1)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (1) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (1) No (0)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (1)
- Flag as Inappropriate

- Was this review helpful? Yes (0) No (1)
- Flag as Inappropriate