# Tangram, Plastic / 1 set

Item #: | 010884 |
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Grades: | PK-AD |

**Category Description for Singapore Math Programs:**

Countries around the world first became interested in Singapore’s math curriculum when results of the Third International Math and Science Study (TIMSS) were published in 1995. Conducted by the International Study Center at Boston College, achievement tests in both math and science were administered to students in over 40 countries. Students from Singapore ranked highly in mathematics achievement: 1st in the fourth, seventh, and eighth grade levels and 2nd at the third grade level. Results for the U.S. were disappointing: 10th in the third grade, 11th in the fourth grade, 23rd in the seventh grade, and 27th at the eighth grade level. In a follow-up study in 1999, Singapore again ranked 1st in eighth grade math achievement while U.S. eighth graders ranked 19th. Although a first place ranking does not necessarily imply the best program, something about Singapore’s math program was working.

“Singapore Approach Math” is a general term referring to a type of mathematical instruction (i.e. curriculum) developed from a syllabus designed by Singapore’s Ministry of Education in the 1980s. There were a number of revisions and the 3rd edition was the last edition used in Singapore. The good test scores were associated with this material and all of our Singapore Approach Math programs are based primarily on the 3rd edition although it is no longer available for sale. Components from different editions are not interchangeable but a student can move between the editions in-between levels.

**Primary Math US (1-6)** is an adaptation of the 3rd edition for use in the U.S. Although a small amount of content (division of fractions) from the 2nd edition was added back into the US edition, it is almost identical to the 3rd edition. The US edition adds sections for U.S. customary measurements and uses U.S. spelling and conventions. We expect this edition to be available indefinitely. ©2003

**Primary Math S/E (Standards Edition) (K-6)** was adapted to meet the pre-Common Core CA math standards. An additional amount of content (probability, data analysis, negative numbers, coordinate graphing) from the 2nd edition was added back in and topics were rearranged but it is similar to the US edition. Cumulative Reviews at the end of each Unit and practice sets within each unit were added. Textbooks are in color. ©2008 This edition will be phased out. Includes Earlybird Kindergarten Math.

**Primary Math CC (Common Core) (K-5)** is aligned to the Common Core State Standards and is another adaptation of the 3rd edition. Only minor changes were made to the scope and sequence. Unit Reviews are no longer cumulative and Practices were removed although some of the content was incorporated into the lessons. ©2014 Includes Earlybird Kindergarten Math CC. This edition will be available for the foreseeable future.

**New Elementary Math (7-8)** is a no-frills program based on an older Singaporian program and covering integrated algebra and geometry.It’s considered a sequel to the Primary Math programs.

**Dimensions Math (7-8)** is an updated and more colorful version that is now aligned to the CCSS. It’s also considered a sequel to the Primary Math programs.

**Math in Focus (K-8)** was developed by Great Source (a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) in conjunction with Marshall Cavendish (the original publisher in Singapore). Although the basic instructional sequences are similar and the content is very close to the SE, material added to the most recent editions brings it into alignment with CC. Math in Focus has a more American look and “feel.” ©2010, 2014

**Category Description for Earlybird Kindergarten Math Standards Edition:**

This is a 2-year preschool/kindergarten program that emphasizes concepts over drill. Like most early learning programs, a great deal of work is done linking sets of concrete objects to the numbers they represent. Although not developed by Singapore's Ministry of Education, this program was written by an educator with 28 years experience writing preschool and primary school materials.

This program introduces the basics of color, shape, size, numbers to 100 (but focusing on 1-10), length, weight, volume, time, money, picture graphs, and single-digit addition and subtraction. Topics like place value, addition, and subtraction are not covered until the second year. Some changes from the former US Edition to this one include some rearrangement of topics which results in less repetition and a better sequence of concepts. There is now a review at the end of each unit. Textbooks include a simple glossary, an index, and some "Math at Home" pages. Pages have been added covering solid shapes, patterns, and time. Pages were added to the chapters on addition and subtraction to provide additional material on different interpretations (e.g. number bonds, part-whole, counting on, counting back). Numbers past 30 and to 100 and money topics are not part of the CA standards and were moved to the last two units.

Numerous illustrations are used not only to facilitate learning, but also to hold a child's interest. The author's philosophy seems to be "quality before quantity." She presents a few well-illustrated problems rather than simply listing 10-15 practice problems. Brief teacher's instructions on how to use the workbook are located at the bottom of each page. Suggestions on how to approach a topic and reminders about specific vocabulary to introduce are often provided. The amount of material to cover in one day is up to the teacher. The teacher is also responsible for planning suggested pre-workbook activities, drawing the student into mathematical discussions, and when necessary, guiding the student through workbook exercises. Teachers who prefer more detailed lesson plans, like those provided in Saxon's Math K Teacher's Manual, might have difficulty with Earlybird's brief instructions. Answer keys are unavailable, and generally unnecessary, for this level.

The Activity Books follow the teaching sequence in the textbook and are designed to be used with the K Math Readers, although neither is required. The readers are based on well-known children's rhymes and stories; each of the readers accompanies two textbook units. There are suggestions for extra materials most of which are simple items from around the house. The list of suggested manipulatives, however, would be useful to have on hand.

Compared to other programs, Earlybird Math does have certain disadvantages. Some prefer workbooks that contain more practice exercises, like Horizons K. Horizons also moves at a quicker pace and covers addition and subtraction to a more advanced level. Nonetheless, Earlybird Math does a thorough job of teaching the basics. It will probably appeal most to children who are visual learners and parents who feel comfortable explaining math concepts, appreciate some instructional guidance, but don't mind planning their own lessons.

**Category Description for Saxon Math:**

## Students like Saxon because they feel successful in math instead of overwhelmed.

The most popular homeschooling math program hands down! Highly recommended by both Mary Pride and Cathy Duffy, Saxon Math also wins our award for the "Most Requested Text." Saxon math is a "user-friendly" math program - even for Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus and other usually difficult math topics. Learning is incremental and each new concept is continuously reviewed, so the learning has time to "sink in" instead of being forgotten when the next topic is presented. Higher scores on standardized tests and increased enrollments in upper-level math and science classes have resulted where Saxon has been used in public schools. Students like Saxon because they feel successful in math instead of overwhelmed. Because of the format, children are able to work more independently.

**Category Description for Singapore Math Standards Edition (K-6):**

Primary Math S/E (Standards Edition) (K-6) was adapted to meet the pre-Common Core CA math standards. An additional amount of content (probability, data analysis, negative numbers, coordinate graphing) from the 2nd edition was added back in and topics were rearranged but it is similar to the US edition. Cumulative Reviews at the end of each Unit and practice sets within each unit were added. Textbooks are in color. 2008 copyright dates. This edition includes the Earlybird Kindergarten Math program.

**Category Description for Saxon K-3 Program:**

The Teacher's Manual contains the actual lesson plans and information vital to the effective presentation of math concepts. The consumable Meeting Books are used during the teacher-student "meeting" in which concepts are introduced, demonstrated and practiced. If teaching more than one student at the same level, you will only need one meeting book. Consumable Student Workbooks are used in grades 1-3 only and contain student materials, flash cards and practice pages. The Math K Home Study Kit contains teacher edition and meeting book. Math 1, 2, and 3 kits contain teacher edition, meeting book, and a set of 2 workbooks. Manipulatives are a vital, integral part of the program; these are not included in the Home Study Kits, but are available through us also.

**Category Description for COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS - ELEMENTARY:**

**Category Description for COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS - ALL GRADES:**

**Category Description for Tangrams:**

We have used our tangrams so much! We've used them with reproducibles, games, to invent new "puzzles," and in church activities. The entire family likes to sit down and "race" to solve a tangram puzzle helps us keep our visual thinking skills sharp! The kids love to beat out mom and dad, which is one reason this kind of activity is so great it isn't necessarily age that wins, but perception. Tangrams come in 5 different colors (red, blue, yellow, green and magenta) and are based on a 4 inch square. We'll assort colors if you order more than one set.

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- Sarah D on Sep 4, 2019
- Purchased on Sep 4, 2017

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- Jarrod C on Dec 30, 2017
- Purchased on Aug 24, 2016

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- Jennifer C on Apr 19, 2016
- Purchased on Oct 29, 2015